The fact-based paper silk appears in China II th century AD. In 705 the Arabs seized Samarkand and learned from the Chinese taken prisoner the control of the manufacture of paper from hemp fiber and flax, technique probably invented by Ts’ai Lun in 105. From XIV th century paper wins throughout Europe. With the arrival of Gutenberg’s invention of the printing press in 1455, the paper is still hand-made, sheet by sheet, from old rags of linen or hemp , is experiencing considerable growth. In 1799, Louis-Nicolas Robert invented the first paper machine and its production increased. In 1839, Frenchman Payen discovered cellulose in the form of fibers in plants. The wood then replaces old rags, a raw material that is starting to fail.
For two thousand years, the process of making paper has remained the same. The papermaker begins with the disintegration of the raw material in water to obtain a suspension of fibers. The flax is then cooked and shredded to form a paste that is rinsed, filtered to remove the excess water, then put in a large basin filled with water with a little glue. After having thoroughly mixed his dough, he dives a form with a flying frame or form in the tank that holds a part that he dipped on a felt after a few minutes of dripping. The leaves are placed one by one between two layers of felt, pressed to remove as much water as possible. Finally, the fibers that have become sheets of paper are put to dry,